By Kevin M. Bailey
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Extra info for Billion-Dollar Fish: The Untold Story of Alaska Pollock
E Challenger sailed with 243 scientists, oﬃcers, and crew, and a historical background / 33 journeyed 127,670 km around the world. ¹⁸ Within a short time new marine research programs and laboratories started up in Italy, Russia, Scotland, Canada, England, Germany, Denmark, Japan, the Netherlands, and the United Sates. e Norwegian government took a strong interest in ocean science because of the importance of ﬁshing to the well-being of its people. In 1864, the government tasked G. O. Sars to examine the factors causing catches of cod around the Lofoten Islands to ﬂuctuate wildly, which had drastic eﬀects on the local economy.
Wood hulls gave way to iron and then steel. In ﬁ een years sailing trawlers were a thing of the past in the major ﬁshing ports of Hull and Grimsby. Coinciding with the arrival of the steam trawler, the o er trawl was invented. is ﬁrst mention of this type of gear was 1865. ⁵⁰ As the ship moved forward, the doors spread out and upward, opening up the net. e bo om was held down by a weighted line and the top held open by ﬂoats. It needed a historical background / 45 a lot of power to pull and worked best with steam boats.
Fish protein concentrate (FPC) was invented in 1962 and marketed as a solution to world hunger. However, the Department of Agriculture and the Department of the Interior’s Bureau of Commercial Fisheries (BCF) and their respective constituents engaged in a war over the competition between agricultural protein, such as vegetable, soy, and milk protein, supported by Agriculture versus ﬁsh protein supported by BCF. Rules were even put down on FPC by the US Food and Drug Administration, such as limiting the size of bags in which the protein could be marketed to one pound.
Billion-Dollar Fish: The Untold Story of Alaska Pollock by Kevin M. Bailey