By Joëlle Rollo-Koster
With the arriving of Clement V in 1309, seven popes governed the Western Church from Avignon until eventually 1378. Joëlle Rollo-Koster strains the compelling tale of the transplanted papacy in Avignon, town the popes remodeled into their capital. via an enticing mixture of political and social heritage, she argues that we must always imagine extra definitely concerning the Avignon papacy, with its potent governance, highbrow creativity, and dynamism. it's a outstanding story of an establishment becoming and protecting its prerogatives, of individuals either low and high who produced and served its wishes, and of town they outfitted jointly.
As the writer reconsiders the Avignon papacy (1309–1378) and the good Western Schism (1378–1417) in the social surroundings of past due medieval Avignon, she additionally recovers the city’s city texture, the stamp of its streets, the noise of its crowds and celebrations, and its people’s joys and pains. every one bankruptcy specializes in the popes, their principles, the crises they confronted, and their management but in addition at the background of town, contemplating the hot historiography to hyperlink the lifetime of the management with that of town and its humans. the tale of Avignon and its population is essential for our realizing of the institutional heritage of the papacy within the later heart a long time. the writer argues that the Avignon papacy and the Schism inspired basic institutional adjustments within the governance of early smooth Europe—effective centralization associated with monetary coverage, effective bureaucratic governance, courtroom society (société de cour), and conciliarism. This attention-grabbing background of a misunderstood period will carry to existence what it used to be wish to stay within the fourteenth-century capital of Christianity.
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Extra resources for Avignon and Its Papacy, 1309-1417: Popes, Institutions, and Society
The king of England, unsatisfied by the marital policies that united both crowns, could not be happy with the loss of Guyenne’s sovereignty. He was but a vassal of the king of France for these lands. 22 Skirmishes between both armies spoiled this province’s daily life, and in his long-term plans, the pope understood that the recapture of the Christian Holy Land started with peace in Europe. He needed concord between Philip the Fair and Edward I in order for them to shift their interest toward the Levant.
With the canonization of St. Louis in 1297 and the foundation of the first Roman Jubilee in 1300, Boniface’s successes testify to his political intelligence. 6 As demonstrated by Agostino Paravicini Bagliani, the pope’s heightened sense of his role was reflected in the greater reliance on the symbolic representation of the pope’s persona and the care taken of the body of the pope. The pope surrounded himself with medical doctors to sustain his good health. Likewise, he banned the long-standing practice that allowed the evisceration and dismemberment of corpses for multilocational burials.
55. Jacques Rossiaud, Le Rhône au Moyen Âge: Histoire et représentations d’un fleuve européen (Paris: Aubier, 2007); Medieval Prostitution: Family, Sexuality, and Social Relations in Past Times (New York: Blackwell, 1988); Daniel Le Blévec, La part du pauvre: L’assistance dans les pays du Bas-Rhône du XIIe siècles au milieu du XVe siècle (Rome: École française de Rome, 2000), 2 vols. 56. Richard C. Trexler, “A Medieval Census, the Liber Divisionis,” Mediaevalia et Humanistica 17 (1966): 82–85; Spiritual Power: Republican Florence under Interdict (Leiden: Brill, 1974).
Avignon and Its Papacy, 1309-1417: Popes, Institutions, and Society by Joëlle Rollo-Koster