By Laura A. Michaelis
This research offers a semantic framework for analysing all aspectual structures by way of the development nation contrast, and describes the grammatical expression of aspectual which means by way of a idea of grammatical buildings. during this idea, grammatical structures, like phrases, are conventionalized form-meaning pairs, that are top defined not just with recognize to their intrinsic semantic values, but additionally with appreciate to the practical oppositions within which they take part.
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Additional resources for Aspectual Grammar and Past Time Reference (Routledge Studies in Germanic Linguistics, 4)
Foremost among these difficulties is the fact that there is no cross-linguistic semantic parity among language-particular instances of a grammatical construction that might, in a particular language, prove useful as a sorting heuristic. For example, the compatibility of perfective 20 ASPECTUAL MEANING aspect with present-tense inflection will depend upon the semantic range of the present tense in the language at issue. English differs from languages like French in opposing the simple present to a progressive present.
Furthermore, a human is readily circumscribed, whereas water as such is not. Therefore, a human is an individual, whereas water is not. This semantic difference produces a constellation of grammatical reflexes typically referred to as the count-mass 22 ASPECTUAL MEANING distinction. 4) are analogous. 4) can be explained in the following fashion. Counting is equivalent to specifying the number of times a predicate applies. However, since the argument of a state predicate is a time interval—characterized by the property of distributivity—there is no way to circumscribe the set of applications of the state predicate in such a way that they are enumerable.
Commentators concern themselves not with the internal temporal composition of each event, but only with the fact of the event’s occurrence, since this determines what will happen next. 10) also seem to lack a full complement of phases, insofar as the subphases are difficult to delineate. It is difficult to determine, for example, when an event of christening begins and when it culminates. These events then constitute “pseudo-instantaneous events” as well. The validity of this analysis is substantiated by facts related to acceptance of the adverb right now.
Aspectual Grammar and Past Time Reference (Routledge Studies in Germanic Linguistics, 4) by Laura A. Michaelis