By Petra Maria Vogel, Bernard Comrie
The heritage of note classification examine is characterised by means of severe positions. as much as the nineteenth century, it was once believed that observe sessions have been perpetually of the Latin or Greek kind and common. not like that, within the twentieth century, the view prevailed that each language had its personal particular and detailed observe classification process. within the final a long time, notwithstanding, it has develop into obvious that regardless of the massive variety of note sessions and note category platforms there are typological regulations with reference to the conceptualization of semantic positive aspects and morphosyntactic constructions. this article techniques note sessions and their categorial manifestations from the point of view of typology and language universals examine. The authors during this quantity talk about observe classification categorization quite often (Part I), in addition to observe periods and note category structures of person languages (Part II) from a typological-universal standpoint and from diachronic and cross-linguistic views.
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Extra resources for Approaches to the Typology of Word Classes
1979 Hixkaryana. ) Amsterdam: North-Holland. —Jill G. De Villiers 1979 Early language. London. Fontana. Eco, Umberto 1995 The search for the perfect language. Oxford: Blackwell. Efrat, Barbara S. ) 1979 The Victoria Conference on Northwestern Languages. ) Victoria, B. C: British Columbia Provincial Museum. Elman, Jeffrey L. 1993 "Learning and development in neural networks: The importance of starting small", Cognition 48: 71-99. ) forthc. Language processing and interpretation. Amsterdam: Benjamins.
In the 20th century, representatives of this tradition are Brondal (1928, 1948), Tesniere (1959), and Chomsky (1970). 40 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Jan Anward Brondal argues forcefully that parts of speech cannot be grounded in morphological or syntactic properties, since such properties are accidental and can change. Instead, he advocates a return to the foundations of the Greek grammatical tradition, the Aristotelian categories. However, Brondal argues that only four of the categories are really needed, that the other categories can be defined in terms of these four, which are substance (R), relation (r), quantity (D), and quality (d), or, in modern terms, thing, relation, quantity, and property.
Inflectional elaboration is subject to considerable variation in the world's languages. Verb Noun f f so so k f f s s k k d d f s s k d f f f f Language (d) P k P Chukchi Ainu Finnish Nama Archi P Bororo Kobon s k d d Maori Swedish Yoruba Figure 10. Inflectional elaboration in the pilot sample In the languages of the pilot sample—as shown in Figure 10 above—nouns in argument function are maximally inflected for case (k), determiner categories (d), such as number and definiteness, and possessor agreement (p), while verbs in predicate function are maximally inflected for fmiteness (f), subject agreement (s), and object agreement (o).
Approaches to the Typology of Word Classes by Petra Maria Vogel, Bernard Comrie