By Bartholomew Elias
The reaction of the U.S. federal govt to the occasions of September eleven, 2001 has mirrored the problem of impressive a stability among imposing security features to discourage terrorist assaults whereas even as proscribing disruption to air trade. Airport and Aviation safety: U.S. coverage and approach within the Age of worldwide Terrorism is a finished reference that examines the chronic threats to aviation safety that led as much as the terrorist assaults of September eleventh, describes next terror plots opposed to aviation resources, and explores U.S. efforts to counter and mitigate those threats. Addressing the fatherland defense demanding situations dealing with the U.S. within the age of terrorism, this article explores: safety protocol ahead of 9-11 Precursors to 11th of September The emerging probability of Al Qaeda Tactical and congressional reaction to Sept. 11, together with new laws the wider context of hazard evaluate Intelligence amassing Airport safeguard, together with passenger, luggage, and worker screening Airline in-flight safety features Airport perimeter safety the specter of shoulder-fired missiles safeguard for GA (general aviation) operations and airports starting with a ancient backdrop describing the sunrise of the age of worldwide terrorism within the Sixties and carrying on with up until eventually the current time, the e-book demonstrates the vast social and political context underlying fresh alterations within the aviation safeguard approach as an immediate results of the September 11 assaults. insurance examines ongoing threats and vulnerabilities to the aviation infrastructure, together with an exploration of the way prior terrorist incidents have come to form U.S. coverage and approach.
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Additional info for Airport and Aviation Security: U.S. Policy and Strategy in the Age of Global Terrorism
To this day, even after federalization of screening forces after the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks, airport law enforcement presence remains a local responsibility that must be integrated into each airport’s security program, much as it was when first required under the FAA’s emergency rule issued in December 1972. Regulations, however, have since been relaxed to allow flexibility in law enforcement presence, not requiring continuous presence at checkpoints, so long as LEOs can quickly respond when needed.
The Administration, however, remained concerned that the push in Congress to implement a federal aviation police force at airports would significantly expand the federal government’s role in a way that could not easily be undone, even if the hijacking threat became a thing of the past. With a price tag of almost $60 million per year, cost was also a significant issue. The Administration was intent on passing the cost along to users of the system, that is, the airline passengers. However, further raising federal ticket taxes, already set at 8%, was an unpopular option.
In comparison, among the 155 attacks against nonaviation targets, the average number of American fatalities per attack across all of the other categories of targets was less than 3 per event. 5 fatalities per attack). S. Embassy in Nairobi, Kenya (12 fatalities). It should also be noted that, because this analysis only considered American fatalities and many terrorist incidents considered occurred in foreign locations, these per event fatality averages significantly understate the deadliness of these attacks.
Airport and Aviation Security: U.S. Policy and Strategy in the Age of Global Terrorism by Bartholomew Elias