Download e-book for kindle: Agreement and Its Failures by Omer Preminger

By Omer Preminger

ISBN-10: 0262027402

ISBN-13: 9780262027403

In this ebook, Omer Preminger investigates how the compulsory nature of predicate-argument contract is enforced through the grammar. Preminger argues that an empirically sufficient conception of predicate-argument contract calls for recourse to an operation, whose obligatoriness is a grammatical primitive no longer reducible to representational homes, yet whose profitable end result isn't really enforced via the grammar.

Preminger's argument counters modern methods that locate the obligatoriness of predicate-argument contract enforced via representational capacity. the main famous of those is Chomsky's "interpretability"-based notion, during which the obligatoriness of predicate-argument contract is enforced via derivational time bombs. Preminger offers an empirical argument opposed to modern ways that search to derive the compulsory nature of predicate-argument contract solely from derivational time bombs. He deals as a substitute another account in keeping with the concept of obligatory operations better suited for the evidence. The the most important facts includes utterances that inescapably contain attempted-but-failed contract and are still absolutely grammatical. Preminger combines a close empirical research of contract phenomena within the Kichean (Mayan) languages, Zulu (Bantu), Basque, Icelandic, and French with an in depth and rigorous theoretical exploration of the far-reaching outcomes of those facts. The result's a singular suggestion that has profound implications for the formalism that the concept of grammar makes use of to derive compulsory techniques and homes.

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Example text

1 Background: The Person Case Constraint, and Béjar and Rezac’s (2003) Account of It The Person Case Constraint (PCC)—also known as the *Me-Lui Constraint— is a family of restrictions concerning the person features of different arguments in relation to one another, usually affecting combinations of multiple internal arguments of a single predicate (Bonet 1991, 1994, Perlmutter 1971). In this section, I present a brief description of the PCC, followed by Béjar and Rezac’s (2003) account of it. There are, of course, many other accounts of the PCC in the literature, each with its own advantages and disadvantages and its own particular set of stipulations (a nonexhaustive list includes Adger and Harbour 2007, Anagnostopoulou 2003, 2005, Bonet 1991, 1994, Nevins 2007, 2011, Richards 2005, Walkow 2009).

As we will see in chapter 4, there is a way to derive the effects of this hierarchy or scale from independently motivated results, which come from the study of the Person Case Constraint (also known as the *Me-Lui Constraint). Other drawbacks of appealing directly to a device like (28) are discussed in chapter 7. More important, however, is that this approach cannot explain the AF person restriction. In fact, one might say that it leads to exactly the opposite expectation. That is because on this proposal, syntax indiscriminately establishes agreement with both arguments, leaving the sorting out of morphological exponence to the postsyntactic computation; and following Marantz (1991), I assume that argument licensing is not within the purview of morphophonology.

The absolutive agreement markers that arise when the agreement target is a 1st/2nd person argument thus differ, in their morphophonological properties, from those that arise when the target is a 3rd person argument. Let us return once more to a characterization of agreement in the Kichean AF construction in terms of a scale or hierarchy like (33), repeated from earlier. (33) 1st/2nd person > 3rd person plural > 3rd person singular [=(23)] The morphophonological properties surveyed here cast further doubt on taking (33) as an account of agreement in Kichean AF.

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Agreement and Its Failures by Omer Preminger


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