Download e-book for kindle: Adjective Classes: A Cross-Linguistic Typology by R. M. W. Dixon, Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald

By R. M. W. Dixon, Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald

ISBN-10: 0199203466

ISBN-13: 9780199203468

The experiences during this quantity recommend that each language has an adjective classification, yet those range in personality and in dimension. In its grammatical houses, an adjective category could beas just like nouns, or to verbs, or to either, or to neither.ze. while in a few languages the adjective category is huge and will be freely further to, in others it's small and closed. with only a dozen or so participants. The ebook will curiosity students and complex scholars of language typology and of the syntax and semantics of adjectives.

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In the Australian language Emmi (Ford 1998:140), reduplication of a noun indicates plurality (for example, perre grub',/>erreperre grubs') while reduplication of an adjective indicates intensity (for example, duk 'big', dukduk 'very big'). A note on methodology is in order here. It might be suggested that the semantic effect of reduplication is a consequence of the semantic nature of a lexeme, not of its grammatical word class. On this principle, lexemes referring to 'properties' would be marked for intensity, and not for plurality, whatever word class they belonged to.

In some languages this involves just apposition of adjective and noun, in others a relative clause (or similar) marker maybe required. In a fair number of languages an adjective has the possibility of making up an entire NP, without any stated noun (although a head noun may be implicit, and ellipsed under certain discourse conditions). Adjectives can roughly be categorized into two further classes in respect of their morphological possibilities when they occur within an NP: (A) When it functions within an NP, an adjective may take some or all of the morphological processes that apply to a noun.

With common nouns, morr has the sense "actual present-day", as in kay morr "the present-day (steel) axe", or "real and not imaginary", as in warrchuwrr morr "a real woman (not one in a dream)". With "adjectives" susceptible of grading, however, morr means "very": karntl morr "very big", wil morr "very bitter". ' The modern discipline of linguistics has been centred on the study of European languages, and is generally undertaken by speakers of European languages. ). This has undoubtedly played a role in the failure to recognize an adjective class for languages in which adjectives show a rather different profile, functioning as head of an intransitive predicate (rather than as copula complement), and having some of the same morphological properties as verbs.

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Adjective Classes: A Cross-Linguistic Typology by R. M. W. Dixon, Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald


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