By Bert B. Williams, John L. Gidley, Robert S. Schechter
SPE Monograph quantity 6. This monograph has been ready to function a uncomplicated reference for either the sphere and examine engineer drawn to constructing a basic knowing of the acidizing strategy and methods for designing acid remedies to extend good productiveness.
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The physical properties and the optimum temperature range for various heat transfer fluids are given in Table 2-4. Graphs showing more detailed physical properties and heat transfer coefficient at various conditions, such as those shown in Figures 2-7 through 2-9, can be obtained directly from manufacturers. A personal computer program for obtaining detailed physical properties of Therminol and for computing heat transfer coefficients and pressure drops in a wide variety of tube sizes and flow conditions using Therminol as the heat transfer fluid is available from Monsanto Company.
Finici« Product Name Application Composition Max. Temperature Film Bulk Optimum Use Temp. Range, °F Flash Point, COC Fire Point, COC Autoignition Temp. (ASTM) Density, Ib/gal 75°F 240°F 400°F 60TF Heat Capacity, Btu/lb-°F 75°F 240°F 400°F 600°F Therminol 55 Therminoi 59 Therminof 66 Therminoi VP-1 Syltherm 800 UCON HTF500 Dowffierm 4000 Medium Temp. Range Alkylated Aromatics Wide Temp. Range Alkylated Aromatics High Temp. Low Press, Modified Terphenyl Ultra High Temp. Byphenyl and Dipheynl Oxide High Temp.
6 20 Design of GAS-HANDLING Systems and Facilities (text continued from page 17} ature and the tube wall temperature. The tube wall temperature may be approximated by taking the arithmetic average between the inside fluid bulk temperature and the outside fluid bulk temperature. The thermal conductivity of natural and hydrocarbon gases is given in Figure 2-5. A from Figure 2-5. The thermal conductivity of hydrocarbon liquids is given in Figure 2-6. The viscosity of natural gases and hydrocarbon liquids is discussed in Volume 1.
Acidizing Fundamentals by Bert B. Williams, John L. Gidley, Robert S. Schechter