New PDF release: A sketch of Solon grammar

By Tsumagari, Toshiro

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Affix distinction among reduplicants postulated in McCarthy and Prince’s Generalized Template Theory (GTT; McCarthy & Prince 1994c; d; Urbanczyk 1996). According to GTT, there are two kinds of reduplicative morphemes: roots and affixes. e. no larger than a syllable). The existence of affix doubling Morphotactic asymmetries: empty morphs 31 shows, however, that the relevant distinction between reduplicated roots and reduplicated affixes is not phonological, but morphological. 6 Although somewhat of a side issue, it is worth noting that the existence of affix doubling, especially in conjunction with root doubling, appears to support theories of morphology which treat affixes as morphological constituents.

MDT posits separate, and potentially distinct, inputs for base and reduplicant, while phonological copying theories posit a single, shared input for the two output strings. c. MDT draws no fundamental asymmetry between base and reduplicant; neither is logically prior to the other. In most phonological copying models, the base and reduplicant have an asymmetrical relationship to the input. d. MDT accepts phonological identity, insofar as it exists, between its daughters as an epiphenomenon resulting from their semantic identity but does not actively enforce it; by contrast, all phonological copying theories minimally presuppose phonological identity as a starting point in reduplication, and Coerced Identity theories like BRCT actively require it in output.

27) [zzz] ⇐ Cophonology Z [xxx] Cophonology X ⇒ | /Stemi/ [yyy] | ⇐ Cophonology Y /Stemi/ Some reduplication constructions have active phonological effects only in one or the other daughter; some have active effects only at the mother node; others have active alternations in all three cophonologies. In Hausa pluractional reduplication, for example, the first stem is reduced to its initial CVC string, while the second is maintained intact (28). In addition, the final C of the first copy geminates with the base initial consonant, a process whose obligatoriness is specific to this construction (see Newman 1989a; 2000:424–25, as well as Chapter 4 of the present work).

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A sketch of Solon grammar by Tsumagari, Toshiro

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