By Derek Offord, William Leatherbarrow
The historical past of principles has performed a primary function in Russia's political and social background. figuring out its highbrow culture and how the intelligentsia have formed the country is important to figuring out the Russia of this present day. This new background examines very important highbrow and cultural currents (the Enlightenment, nationalism, nihilism, and spiritual revival) and key topics (conceptions of the West and East, the typical humans, and attitudes to capitalism and usual technology) in Russian highbrow background. targeting the Golden Age of Russian inspiration within the mid 19th century, the individuals additionally glance again to its eighteenth-century origins within the flowering of tradition following the reign of Peter the nice, and ahead to the ongoing energy of Russia's classical highbrow culture within the Soviet and post-Soviet eras. With short biographical info of over fifty key thinkers and an in depth bibliography, this ebook offers a clean, finished evaluation of Russian highbrow background.
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Extra resources for A History of Russian Thought
In the minds of Russian rulers, however, the vision of clearly delineated estates lived on into the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Alexander I tried to legislate for the creation of an estate of ‘free agriculturalists’ in 1803. Nicholas I created the category of urban ‘honoured citizen’ in 1832 and legislated for the potential emergence of a category of ‘obligated peasants’ in 1842. Pre-revolutionary Russia hardly ever enacted social legislation which applied to everybody. One of the main reasons why the introduction of universal military conscription was controversial in 1874 was the very fact of its universality.
4. 7. , p. 5. 8. , p. 6. 16 william leatherbarrow and derek offord 9. Isaiah Berlin, Russian Thinkers, ed. Henry Hardy and Aileen Kelly (London: Hogarth Press, 1978), p. 117. 10. P. V. Annenkov, Literaturnye vospominaniia (Moscow: Gosudarstvennoe izdatel’stvo khudozhestvennoi literatury, 1960), p. 270. 11. M. O. Gershenzon, Istoricheskie zapiski (Moscow: Tipograﬁia I. N. Kushnereva, 1910), pp. 153–4. 12. Philip Pomper, The Russian Revolutionary Intelligentsia (New York: Crowell, 1970), p. 1. 13.
Nicholas I created the category of urban ‘honoured citizen’ in 1832 and legislated for the potential emergence of a category of ‘obligated peasants’ in 1842. Pre-revolutionary Russia hardly ever enacted social legislation which applied to everybody. One of the main reasons why the introduction of universal military conscription was controversial in 1874 was the very fact of its universality. The poll tax, paid only by peasants, survived until the mid-1880s. Income tax arrived in Russia only at the height of the First World War in 1916.
A History of Russian Thought by Derek Offord, William Leatherbarrow