New PDF release: A grammar of Motuna (Bougainville, Papua New Guinea)

By Masayuki Onishi

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Additional info for A grammar of Motuna (Bougainville, Papua New Guinea)

Sample text

21 Certain inwections deviate from thd generalisations below. cf. 8. 8). In the case of F i p 2-7 - 2-15, given in Figun 2-16 is taken from a d text nrrnated by another female speaker. Each figure consists of a waveform, an F, extract and a haif wideband w. Vertical lines are drawn to show the segmentation. Each segment is a l l i g d with its phonemic &@on givenm u h e a t h .

The rules of the realisation of the archinasal /N/are su-sed below. These rules apply after all the morphophonemic processes discussed in Chs 4,8 and 13. = Rule 2-3 Realisation of Archinasal N -> [m] 1 ,Labial Consonant [n] I - Coronal StopIRhotic - [m] [II] I - # Labial Consonant [IJ]I Elsewhere (transcribed as ng) (transcribed as ng) (transcribed as m ng) (transcribed as ng) - The worddphrases exemplified above are represented respectively as: honna (/hoNna/) - lhese wo facts that nasalisation of the preceding vowel occurs instead of [n] befom [s], and that the velsr nasal occurs in word-final position may suggest that the p~ferredtongue position to pronounce /N/ is in the back.

Bo,nas& jg However, if we -- vowels), the coronal in/is most commody used and the back hgl least. thiarcbillasd is ~rmtirllya beck n d this o* of fnquency iS the spcala ofthe Acc&ng to Gasaway (1987b). m, n and ng alternate word-fiW. In her pouko dialect w d y u ~ n,c while those in other dialects of Mohna U s e either m or ng. 5 ST-. swed by claothr mom sbwing ~igdicantlysteep drop in pitch. ') The Foof the first two syflabks is almost level. The F, of the second a before the closm of p is 240 Hz, while the F, of a in the pendthate pa at the o a t is 202 Hz.

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A grammar of Motuna (Bougainville, Papua New Guinea) by Masayuki Onishi


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