By Masayuki Onishi
Read Online or Download A grammar of Motuna (Bougainville, Papua New Guinea) PDF
Best grammar books
What's a verb? it truly is more uncomplicated to teach than clarify! during this enjoyable and lively advent to grammer, rhyming verse is used to creatively make clear the idea that of verbs. Chock-full of colourful, energetic examples, the playful rhymes and illustrations of comical comic strip cats mix to hightlight keywords within the sentences.
Which personal loan phrases exist in present German, what's their foundation and what function do they play in the German vocabulary as a complete? For the 1st time, this e-book describes in a scientific and easy-to-read demeanour how an enormous and multifaceted a part of German vocabulary has been constructing for hundreds of years and nonetheless is evolving this day.
- Connectivity in Grammar and Discourse (Hamburg Studies on Multilingualism)
- Scope and Specificity
- English Algorithmic Grammar
- Syntax within the Word: Economy, allomorphy, and argument selection in Distributed Morphology (Linguistik Aktuell Linguistics Today)
- Clean, Well-Lighted Sentences: A Guide to Avoiding the Most Common Errors in Grammar and Punctuation
- Cognitive Linguistics (Cambridge Textbooks in Linguistics)
Additional info for A grammar of Motuna (Bougainville, Papua New Guinea)
21 Certain inwections deviate from thd generalisations below. cf. 8. 8). In the case of F i p 2-7 - 2-15, given in Figun 2-16 is taken from a d text nrrnated by another female speaker. Each figure consists of a waveform, an F, extract and a haif wideband w. Vertical lines are drawn to show the segmentation. Each segment is a l l i g d with its phonemic &@on givenm u h e a t h .
The rules of the realisation of the archinasal /N/are su-sed below. These rules apply after all the morphophonemic processes discussed in Chs 4,8 and 13. = Rule 2-3 Realisation of Archinasal N -> [m] 1 ,Labial Consonant [n] I - Coronal StopIRhotic - [m] [II] I - # Labial Consonant [IJ]I Elsewhere (transcribed as ng) (transcribed as ng) (transcribed as m ng) (transcribed as ng) - The worddphrases exemplified above are represented respectively as: honna (/hoNna/) - lhese wo facts that nasalisation of the preceding vowel occurs instead of [n] befom [s], and that the velsr nasal occurs in word-final position may suggest that the p~ferredtongue position to pronounce /N/ is in the back.
Bo,nas& jg However, if we -- vowels), the coronal in/is most commody used and the back hgl least. thiarcbillasd is ~rmtirllya beck n d this o* of fnquency iS the spcala ofthe Acc&ng to Gasaway (1987b). m, n and ng alternate word-fiW. In her pouko dialect w d y u ~ n,c while those in other dialects of Mohna U s e either m or ng. 5 ST-. swed by claothr mom sbwing ~igdicantlysteep drop in pitch. ') The Foof the first two syflabks is almost level. The F, of the second a before the closm of p is 240 Hz, while the F, of a in the pendthate pa at the o a t is 202 Hz.
A grammar of Motuna (Bougainville, Papua New Guinea) by Masayuki Onishi