Read e-book online A grammar of modern Tamil (Pondicherry Institute of PDF

By Thomas Lehmann

ISBN-10: 8185452032

ISBN-13: 9788185452036

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Extra info for A grammar of modern Tamil (Pondicherry Institute of Linguistics and Culture publication)

Sample text

G. viit-t-in-atu katavu 'the door of the house'. g. possession, then the respective noun can be unmarked and occur in the oblique form (lOOa), or it can be marked either with the euphonic increment -in (lOOb) or with the genitive case suffix -atu (lOOc) or by both (lOOd), or it can be marked by the adjectival suffix -utaiya (lOOe): (100) a. noun in oblique form mara-ttu-k kilai tree-obi branch 'the branch of the tree' b. noun + euphonic increment -in aracan-in muti king-euph crown 'the crown of the king' c.

Vit-aa-tu. This form is interpreted as referring to future time or expressing habituality. In addition, it is used both with singular and plural subjects. To compensate for the lack of the other forms of the paradigm and to express other tenses like past and present, Tamil uses two defective auxiliary verbs maattu 'will' and il 'be not', both of which follow a lexical main verb inflected for infinitive. The auxiliary verb maattu is inflected for the negative according to the pattern of (143), except for the forms inflected for third person, singular and plural number, and neuter gender since these forms are realized by the simple form verb stem + -aa + -tu.

Tt. Assuming that all affective/effective verb stems have an abstract, underlying strucure, which is bi-morphemic, as given under (103), then following Steever (1983:84-5), one can analyze forms, like utai-nt-aan and utai-tt-aan as those where the voice morpheme of, the stem and the following tense morpheme combine to one portmanteau morph -nt and -tt, respectively, on the phonological level. 30 Derived verb stem A derived verb stem can be formed from a simple verb stem by the addition of a causative suffix which consists of the allomorphs -vi, -pi, and -ppi.

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A grammar of modern Tamil (Pondicherry Institute of Linguistics and Culture publication) by Thomas Lehmann


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