New PDF release: A grammar of Dimili (also known as Zaza)

By Terry Lynn Todd

ISBN-10: 9197377708

ISBN-13: 9789197377706

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Extra resources for A grammar of Dimili (also known as Zaza)

Example text

41. ’ 42. ’ 9U> = genê> get The following two examples contrast the /-i/ <-i> plural marker in the Oblique case with the Oblique plural inflection for specific or definite reference. On the basis of such sentences we cannot say that we have two plural markers, /-i/ <-i> for Direct case and /-9;n/ <-an> for Oblique. Rather, we must conclude that /-i/ <-i> is the simple plural suffix while /-9;n/ <-an> is a portmanteau of Oblique case and plural. Hadank (1932:60) treats /-;n/ <-an> as a plural portmanteau morpheme as in this analysis.

In recent literature in Dimili native authors write the copula as a separate word and preserve the identity of the morpheme by keeping the /o/ shape. For example, in the poem “Welat Welat” by Seyid Qaji (Hevi 1:1983, p. 91-92) much of the rhyme scheme is based on the third-person copula /o/ which is written as a separate word throughout the poem. Such are matters of practical orthography and do not necessarily conflict with the above analysis. There is no evidence from either phonology or morphology that would force us to interpret the copula as a separate word.

Hadank (1932:66) records /-en/ <-ên> for the indefinite suffix in Siverek and /-e/ <-ê> in Zaza of Kor. 2). This morphophonemic pattern accounts for the allomorphy of /-e/ <-ê> word-finally and /-en/ <-ên> before ezafe. The fact that the indefinite suffix is now /-e/ <-ê> word-finally probably explains the loss of the definite suffix /-e/ <-ê> Hadank (1932:65) recorded (cf. 3 above). 54. ’ 55. ’ Not recorded by Hadank is the fact that the non-final form of the indefinite suffix can have plural reference.

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A grammar of Dimili (also known as Zaza) by Terry Lynn Todd


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